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INXS伊克斯

地区: Australia 澳大利亚
风格: 另类舞曲 Alternative Dance, 澳洲摇滚 Aussie Rock, 学院摇滚 College Rock
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小简介
在1987年推出专辑《Kick》以来,INXS(伊克斯)乐队就成为了最有魅力的流行摇滚乐队之一,这张专辑数百万的销量为乐队赢得了与U2、R.E.M.这些著名乐队同等的地位。主唱麦克·哈琛斯(Michael Hutchence)在表演时总是面部严肃、衣着时髦、咆哮多动,以及歌曲“New Sensation”、“Need You Tonigt”使他被认为是八十年代末的Jim Morrison。INXS乐队因为专辑《Kick》获得了巨大的成功,在乐队成立的二十年中仍然保持着最初的人员组成。    
    在高中时,INXS鼓手琼·法理士(Jon Farriss)的兄弟安德鲁(Andrew)以及提姆(Tim)邀请其成立了一支名为FarrissBrothers的乐队。这支乐队包括了哈琛斯、贝斯手加里·格林·比尔斯(Garry Gary Beers)以及萨克思风手克里克·朋格里(Kirk Pengilly),在两年后琼取得了学位乐队也开始了运作。在1979年乐队以悉尼当地的一种啤酒为乐队重新命名为INXS,为了安抚澳大利亚众多的酒鬼乐队在1980年签约并发行了同名专辑《INXS》。
    《INXS》以及后来的专辑《Underneath the Colours》吸引了众多的家庭观众并将乐队送上了美国海岸--与Atlantic唱片签约,于1983年发行了影响力很大的专辑《Shabooh Shoobah》,打榜单曲“Don't Change”为乐队赢得了一系列的巡回演出并且最终实现了在新专辑《The Swing》中和著名制作人Nile Rodgers合作的机会。之后INXS乐队和Rolling Stone乐队的合作被证明失败,他们的歌曲“Original Sin”是关于异种生命之间的性爱的,这首歌在很多的电台中禁止播放。
    1985年INXS明确了自己的风格:活泼甜脆的吉他、洪亮的萨克思风伴奏,华丽快速的节奏加上诱惑的嗓音。专辑《Listen Like Thieves》实践了乐队的承诺也证明了乐队的成长。单曲“What You Need”在硬朗的吉他伴奏下,和以让人迷恋的合唱,更让人通过MTV拜倒在自己的脚下,这也为乐队更大的成功铺平了道路。
    1988年的专辑《Kick》从各方面来说都是一张不受时间限制的经典之作。他们温和的政治观点以及野性让这张专辑获得了多白金的销量,也使哈琛斯成为了摇滚巨星。榜首单曲“Need YouTonight”以及“Devil Inside”,排行榜第三名单曲“New Sensation”以及第七“Never Tear Us Apart”,显示了这些身着皮裤的澳大利亚小伙同样可以支配世界。迷人的节奏嘶哑咆哮的嗓音渗透了海岸这边和那边的所有舞场并且让《Kick》成为了一部神话。
    1990年哈琛斯和流行乐歌手Kylie Minogue共同发行了专辑“Max Q”并开始了自己的演员生活,演出了诸如电影《Dogs in Space》--他扮演一个内心肮脏、喜欢半裸的瘾君子。1991年INXS乐队重聚在英国的温布利大球场举办演唱会并灌制了演唱会专辑《Live Baby Live》。 哈琛斯不断和超级明模们约会,而乐队其他成员则没有什么变化。1992年的专辑《Welcome to Wherever You Are》受到了强烈的批评,这被认为是乐队的一次冒险,因为乐队想创造能被世界普遍接受的东西。单曲“Beautiful Girl”进入后另类音乐排行榜。乐队的第十张专辑《Full Moon, Dirty Hearts》吸取了U2乐队节奏沉重的风格,采用了吉他二重奏的形式。
   1994年INXS从Atlantic转投Polygram的旗下,哈琛斯开始和有女儿的已婚英国电视明星Paula Yates恋爱,并最终导致了Paula Yates和自己的丈夫分手。这时哈琛斯也开始考虑自己的个人发展计划但最终没有实现。在1997年春,INXS乐队发行了专辑《Elegantly Wasted》,其中的同名单曲非常成功。
    悲剧性的是,在1997年11月乐队二十周年纪念演出的晚上,哈琛斯被发现在悉尼旅馆的房间内自杀身亡。
by Stephen Thomas Erlewine
INXS hailed from the pubs of Australia, which is part of the reason they never comfortably fit in with new wave. Even when the band branched out into synth pop on its early recordings, they were underpinned by a hard, Stonesy beat and lead singer Michael Hutchences Jagger-esque strut. Ultimately, these were the very things that made INXS into international superstars in the late 80s. By that time, the group had harnessed their hard rock, dance, and new wave influences into a sleek, stylish groove that made their 1987 album Kick into a multi-million-selling hit. While that sound was their key to stardom, it also proved to be their undoing; the group became boxed in by their Stonesy pop-funk in the early 90s, when their audience became entranced by harder-edged alternative rock. In spite of declining sales, INXS soldiered on, continuing to tour and record for a dedicated fan base into the late 90s until Hutchences 1997 death brought the band to a close.
Appropriately for a band that featured three brothers, INXS had its roots in a family act, the Farriss Brothers. The group came together while Andrew Farriss (keyboard, guitar), the middle brother, was in high school with Michael Hutchence (vocals). The two formed a band with Gary Beers (bass). Simultaneously, Tim Farriss (guitar) was playing in various groups with his friend, Kirk Pengilly (guitar, saxophone). Eventually the two groups merged in 1977, with Jon Farriss joining as drummer. Two years later, when Jon graduated from high school, the band renamed itself INXS, moved from Perth to Sydney, and began to play the pub circuit. Within a year, the group landed an Australian record contract, releasing an eponymous debut on Deluxe in 1980.
INXS and Underneath the Colours (1981) became Australasian hits, leading the band to an American contract with Atco Records. In 1983, they released their U.S. debut, Shabooh Shoobah, and embarked on an extensive tour which, thanks to the hit single Dont Change, made them minor new wave stars. For their next album, INXS recorded a few sessions with producer Nile Rodgers, which resulted in the sleek, funky Original Sin, the first inclination that the band was making a move toward a fusion of Stonesy rock and dance music. Original Sin made 1984s The Swing a minor hit, yet the group didnt have a genuine mainstream breakthrough until 1985s Listen Like Thieves, which climbed to number 11 in the U.S. on the strength of the single What You Need.
Listen Like Thieves laid the groundwork for Kick, the album that made INXS international superstars. Released late in 1987, Kick worked its way to multi-platinum status over the course of 1988, as four singles — the number one Need You Tonight, Devil Inside, New Sensation, and Never Tear Us Apart — climbed into the U.S. Top Ten. In the wake of the albums success, Hutchence was hailed in some quarters as the heir to Jaggers throne, and the group was considered to rival U2 in terms of international popularity. However, such success went to the groups head. Hutchence released the experimental side project Max Q in early 1990, and the record tanked. X, INXS follow-up to Kick, appeared in the fall of 1990 to mostly negative reviews. While the album generated several hits, including Disappear and Bitter Tears, only its first single, Suicide Blonde, reached the Top Ten in the U.S., and the sales of X were disappointing when compared to Kick.
X hurt INXS momentum considerably. Although the group was still quite popular on its accompanying tour — the 1991 live album Live Baby Live was recorded at Wembley Stadium — the group could no longer be considered in the same league as U2 or R.E.M. Hutchence continued to live a jet-setting lifestyle, dating Kylie Minogue and various supermodels, which did not wear well in the wake of alternative rocks commercial breakthrough in 1992. By the time INXS released Welcome to Wherever You Are, the groups most adventurous record, they were out of date in 1992, and even a rash of reviews that compared the record favorably to U2s Achtung Baby couldnt make it a hit. Full Moon, Dirty Hearts followed in 1993, and it was generally ignored. Following its release, the group left Atlantic, releasing Greatest Hits as its last album for the label.
INXS signed with PolyGram in 1994, yet it took them three years to release a new album. During that time, Hutchence was involved in several tabloid scandals, most notably his love affair with British TV personality Paula Yates (which brought an end to her marriage to Bob Geldof), and he hinted that he was recording a solo album. That record didnt materialize, but INXS returned in the spring of 1997 with Elegantly Wasted. While the album was greeted with poor reviews, its hedonistic dance-rock was better suited to the late 90s than the early 90s, which made the record the groups biggest hit since X. On November 22 of that year, Hutchence was found dead in his Sydney hotel room, the victim of an apparent hanging; his long-in-the-works solo debut was posthumously issued in late 1999.
Though Terence Trent DArby took the frontman role for an abbreviated set at the opening of Sydneys Stadium Australia in 1999, Jon Stephens filled the spot for occasional gigs that took place through the end of 2003. The singer left to pursue a solo career. INXS was quiet throughout the following year, but in 2005 they teamed with reality-show maverick Mark Burnett for Rock Star: INXS, an elaborate, globally-televised audition that resulted in J.D. Fortune — a former Elvis impersonator from Canada — becoming the bands new lead singer.
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