Neil YoungNeil Percival Young

地区: Canada 加拿大
风格: 根源唱作人 Singer-Songwriter, 民谣摇滚 Folk Rock, 硬摇滚 Hard Rock, 布吉摇滚 Boogie Rock, 乡村摇滚 Country Rock
中 文 名 尼尔·杨
外 文 名 Neil Young
别    名 Godfather of Grunge
国    籍 加拿大
星    座 天蝎座
身    高 187.0 CM
出 生 地 安大略省多伦多市
出生日期 1945-11-12
职    业 摇滚歌手、制作人、导演、编剧
经纪公司 摩城唱片、大西洋唱片
代表作品 《After the Gold Rush》、《Harvest》等
主要成就 Order of Canada
乐    器 钢琴、吉他、班卓琴、口琴等
音乐风格 民谣摇滚、硬摇滚、Grunge
合作乐队 CSNY、水牛春田、Crazy Horse等
活跃年代 1960年至今
地    域 欧美
1945年11月,Neil Young出生于加拿大多伦多,父亲是加拿大著名的体育记者Scott Young。在双亲离异之后,Neil Young跟随母亲来到了Winnipeg。正如那个时代的很多年轻人一样,Neil Young从小就自学吉他,并在高中时开始组乐队。在有过不少组乐队的经验之后,Young真正的音乐生涯开始于在加州组建的Buffalo Springfield乐队。1966年秋,Neil Young和Stephen Stills在内的另外三位乐队成员开始录制乐队首张专辑《Buffalo Springfield》。Buffalo Springfield乐队在短暂的两年内共发行了三张专辑,Neil Young的创作天分得以充分发挥,在队期间创作出《Mr. Soul》 ,《Broken Arrow》,《Expecting to Fly》和《I Am a Child》等著名歌曲。在短暂的一进一出之后,Neil Young在1968年5月正式离开了Buffalo Springfield乐队,开始了个人的单飞生涯,同年宣告了乐队的解散。
1969年1月,Neil Young和加拿大老乡Joni Mitchell的经纪人Elliot Roberts合作在Reprise公司发行了首张个人专辑《Neil Young》,专辑由Jack Nitzsche参与共同制作。同年,Young结识了the Rockets乐队并开始经常合作。之后Young将the Rockets改名为Crazy Horse,并将其作为第二张个人专辑《Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere》的伴奏乐队。Young的著名歌曲《Cinnamon Girl》和《Down by the River》都出自该专辑。在个人发行过两张专辑之后,Neil Young又加入到Crosby, Stills和Nash中,于1970年3月跟该组合合作发行了专辑《Deja Vu》。这个时期是Young的一个创作高峰。在1970年年底和1972年,Young又分别发行了专辑《After the Gold Rush》和《Harvest》,这两张专辑成为Neil Young最畅销的专辑,同时也奠定了Neil Young在摇滚届的地位。《Harvest》中的歌曲《Heart of Gold》还成为Neil Young唯一一首冠军单曲。
在七十年代中后期发行了另外几张畅销专辑(如《Tonight's the Night》,《Comes a time》,《Rust never sleeps》)之后,Neil Young进入了个人音乐生涯的一段低潮期。在1983年,Young同合作多年老东家Reprise公司分手,转投Geffen公司,而事实证明,这个阶段是Young事业上遭受困难最多的一个时期,这个时期的Young受到德国著名乐队发电站(Kraftwerk)的影响,将电声引入到自己的音乐中,并在专辑中作了不少实验性的作品。虽然在商业上很不成功,但对音乐无比执著的Neil Young并没有放弃音乐。1987年,在Geffen公司发行最后一张专辑《Life》之后,Neil Young毅然决定离开,重新回到Reprise公司的怀抱,并在1989年发行了回归之后的崛起之作《Freedom》,《Freedom》成为继《Rust never sleeps》之后最受舆论好评的专辑。而从1990年的《Ragged Glory》开始,Crazy Horse乐队再次开始和Neil Young合作。另外,此时逐渐走红的一些年轻的乐队如音速青年(Sonic Youth),声音花园(Soundgarden)和珍珠果酱(Pearl Jam)等都公开表示在他们乐队的成长过程中均受到过Neil Young的影响,而Neil Young也因此获得了“Grunge教父”的美誉。
1992年,录制《Harvest》专辑时大部分的原班人马和Young再度携手出版了被称作《Harvest》“续集”的《Harvest Moon》。次年,Neil Young参加了MTV台举办的著名的“不插电”音乐会并发行记录本场演出的CD和DVD。同样在1993年,Geffen公司发行了Neil Young在该公司期间作品的精选,十分讽刺的取名为《Lucky thirteen》(幸运十三)。1994年,Young发行了另一张广受好评的专辑《Sleeps with Angels》,本张专辑还在Billboard 200专辑榜上打入前十,排在第九位。而Young在1995年和珍珠果酱乐队合作的专辑《Mirror Ball》不仅在Billboard 200专辑榜中排在第五位,还为Young赢得了当年的格莱美奖的“最佳摇滚男歌手表演奖”的提名。1996年,Neil Young还为著名独立电影导演吉姆·贾姆许(Jim Jarmusch)拍摄的电影《Dead Man》制作了电影的原声大碟。同年,Young发行另一张和Crazy Horse乐队合作的专辑《Broken Arrow》。
在新世纪,Neil Young依然保持了旺盛的创作力。在2000年,2001年和2003年,Young分别发行专辑《Silver and Gold》,《Are You Passionate》和《Greendale》。
2005年,Neil Young不幸身患脑病,但在纽约做完脑外科手术痊愈之后,令人敬佩的Young在05年9月再次发行唱片《Prairie Wind》。
Mirror Ball(1995)
Dead Man(1996)
Silver & Gold(2000)
Greatest Hits(2004)
Prairie Wind(2005)
Live at Massey Hall 1971(2007)
Chrome Dreams II(2007)
Le Noise(2010)
Psychedelic Pill(2012)
Live at the Cellar Door(2013)
A Letter Home(2014)
The Monsanto Years(2015)
Earth(Neil Young + Promise of the Real)(2016)
Life and career
Neil Percival Young, OC OM(born November 12, 1945) is a Canadian singer-songwriter and musician, producer, director and screenwriter. He began performing in a group covering Shadows instrumentals in Canada in 1960, before moving to California in 1966, where he co-founded the band Buffalo Springfield together with Stephen Stills and Richie Furay, and later joined Crosby, Stills & Nash in 1969. He released his first album in 1968 and has since forged a successful and acclaimed solo career, spanning over 45 years and 35 studio albums, with a continuous and uncompromising exploration of musical styles.The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame website describes Young as "one of rock and roll's greatest songwriters and performers". He was inducted into the Hall of Fame twice, first as a solo artist in 1995, and second as a member of Buffalo Springfield in 1997.
Young's music is characterized by his distinctive guitar work, deeply personal lyrics and characteristic alto or high tenor singing voice. Although he accompanies himself on several different instruments, including piano and harmonica, his idiosyncratic electric and acoustic guitar playing are the defining characteristics of a varyingly ragged and melodic sound.
While Young has experimented with differing music styles throughout a varied career, including electronic music, most of his best known work is either acoustic folk-rock and country rock or electric, amplified hard rock (most often in collaboration with the band Crazy Horse). Musical styles such as alternative rock and grunge also adopted elements from Young. His influence has caused some to dub him the "Godfather of Grunge".
Young has directed (or co-directed) a number of films using the pseudonym Bernard Shakey, including ‘Journey Through the Past’ (1973), ‘Rust Never Sleeps’ (1979), ‘Human Highway’ (1982), ‘Greendale’ (2003), and ‘CSNY/Déjà Vu’ (2008). He has also contributed to the soundtracks of films including ‘Philadelphia’ (1993) and ‘Dead Man’ (1995).
Young is an environmentalist and outspoken advocate for the welfare of small farmers, having co-founded in 1985 the benefit concert Farm Aid. He is currently working on a documentary about electric car technology, tentatively titled ‘LincVolt’. The project involves his 1959 Lincoln Continental converted to hybrid technology as an environmentalist statement.In 1986, Young helped found The Bridge School, an educational organization for children with severe verbal and physical disabilities, and its annual supporting Bridge School Benefit concerts, together with his ex-wife Pegi Young (née Morton). Young has three children: sons Zeke (born during his relationship with actress Carrie Snodgress) and Ben, who were diagnosed with cerebral palsy, and daughter Amber Jean who, like Young, has epilepsy. Young lived on Broken Arrow Ranch, about a thousand acres near La Honda, California until his 2014 divorce from Pegi, when he gave her the ranch and moved to Los Angeles with his current partner, Daryl Hannah. Although he has lived in California since the 1970s and sings as frequently about U.S. themes and subjects as he does about his native country, he has retained his Canadian citizenship.On July 14, 2006, Young was awarded the Order of Manitoba, and on December 30, 2009, was made an Officer of the Order of Canada.
On January 22, 2010, Young performed "Long May You Run" on the final episode of The Tonight Show with Conan O'Brien. On the same night, he and Dave Matthews performed the Hank Williams song "Alone and Forsaken", for the Hope for Haiti Now: A Global Benefit for Earthquake Relief charity telethon, in response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Young also performed "Long May You Run" at the closing ceremony of the 2010 Olympic winter games in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. In May 2010, it was revealed Young had begun working on a new studio album produced by Daniel Lanois. This was announced by David Crosby, who said that the album "will be a very heartfelt record. I expect it will be a very special record." On May 18, 2010, Young embarked upon a North American solo tour to promote his then upcoming album, Le Noise, playing a mix of older songs and new material. Although billed as a solo acoustic tour, Young also played some songs on electric guitars, including Old Black.Young continued his Twisted Road tour with a short East Coast venture during spring 2011. Young also contributed vocals to the Elton John–Leon Russell album The Union, singing the second stanza on the track "Gone to Shiloh" and providing backing vocals.
In September 2011, Jonathan Demme's third documentary film on the singer songwriter, ‘Neil Young Journeys’, premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival. Like Demme's earlier work with Young, most of the film consists of a simply filmed live performance, in this case, Young's homecoming show in May 2011 at Toronto's Massey Hall, four decades after he first played at the iconic venue. Playing old songs, as well as new ones from Le Noise, Young performs solo on both electric and acoustic instruments. His performance is a counterpoint to Demme's footage of Young's return to Omemee, Ontario, the small town near Toronto where he grew up, which has now become physically unrecognizable, though he vividly recalls events from his childhood there.
On January 22, 2012, the Master Class at the Slamdance Festival featured Coffee with Neil Young & Jonathan Demme for their new film Neil Young Journeys. A report from the event by Bob & Kim C. revealed that Neil Young has been recording with Crazy Horse. One album is complete and they are working on another.
Neil Young and Crazy Horse performed a full-on grunge version of the Beatles' "I Saw Her Standing There" for Paul McCartney's MusiCares Person of the Year dinner on February 10, 2012, in Hollywood.
Neil Young with Crazy Horse released the album ‘Americana’ on June 5, 2012. It was Young's first collaboration with Crazy Horse since the ‘Greendale’ album and tour in 2003 and 2004. The record is a tribute to unofficial national anthems that jumps from an uncensored version of "This Land Is Your Land" to "Clementine" and includes a version of "God Save the Queen", which Young grew up singing every day in school in Canada. ‘Americana’ is Neil Young's first album composed entirely of cover songs. On June 5, 2012, ‘American Songwriter’ also reported that Neil Young & Crazy Horse would be launching their first tour in eight years in support of the album.
Neil Young with Crazy Horse launched a new tour on August 3, 2012, in anticipation of their second album of 2012, ‘Psychedelic Pill’, which was released in late October.
On August 25, 2012, Young was mistakenly reported dead by NBCNews.com, the day when astronaut Neil Armstrong died.
On September 25, 2012, Young's autobiography ‘Waging Heavy Peace: A Hippie Dream’ was released to critical and commercial acclaim. Reviewing the book for the ‘New York Times’, Janet Maslin reported that Young chose to write his memoirs in 2012 for two reasons. For one, he needed to take a break from stage performances for health reasons but continue to generate income. For another, he feared the onset of dementia, considering his father's medical history and his own present condition. Maslin gives the book a higher than average grade, describing it as frank but quirky and without pathos as it delves into his relationships and his experience in parenting a child with disabilities as well as his artistic and commercial activities and associations.
In November 2013, Young performed at the annual fundraiser for the Silverlake Conservatory of Music. Following the Red Hot Chili Peppers, he played an acoustic set to a crowd who had paid a minimum of $2,000 a seat to attend the benefit in the famous Paramour Mansion overlooking downtown Los Angeles.
Due to be released in October 2014, Pono is a high-resolution digital music-download service, and music player being developed by Young, designed to compete against the MP3 and other formats. Pono promises to present songs "as they first sound during studio recording".
The album ‘A Letter Home’ was released on April 19, 2014, and his second memoir, entitled ‘Special Deluxe’, is tentatively scheduled for a late 2014 release.He appeared with Jack White on ‘The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon’ on May 12, 2014.
The 2014 debut solo album by Chrissie Hynde, entitled ‘Stockholm’, featured Young on guitar on the track "Down the Wrong Way".
Young released his thirty-fifth studio album, ‘Storytone’ on November 4, 2014. The first song released from the album, "Who's Gonna Stand Up?", was released in three different versions on September 25, 2014.
Storytone was followed in 2015 by his concept album ‘The Monsanto Years’. In April 2015, it was announced that Young would begin a North America tour titled the Rebel Content Tour, to support the new album, due to begin on July 5, 2015 at the Summerfest in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and to end on July 24, 2015 at the Wayhome Festival in Oro-Medonte, Ontario. Lukas Nelson & Promise of the Real would be special guests for the tour. After a unique show on September 19, 2015 in Chicago, Illinois, the tour started over on October 1, 2015 in Missoula, Montana and ended on October 25, 2015 in Mountain View, California.
In April 2016, it was reported that Young is slated to perform in October at Desert Trip in Indio, California, a two-weekend festival patterned after the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival that will feature many of the singer's contemporaries, including The Rolling Stones, The Who, Roger Waters, Paul McCartney and Bob Dylan.
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